Αυτοκαθορισμός

Αυτοκαθορισμός

Σάββατο, 25 Οκτωβρίου 2014

Το όραμα του Α.Οτσαλάν: δημοκρατισμός-εθνισμός πέρα από τον κρατισμό-εθνικισμό..


(Ας μην ξεχνάμε πως ο Άπο ξεκίνησε ως μαοϊκός-σταλινιστής κομμουνιστής, και πως αυτό δεν είναι άσχετο προς την εξέλιξη της σκέψης του πέρα και από τις δικές του ιδεολογικές προϋποθέσεις αλλά και από τις ιδεολογικές προϋποθέσεις της ιστορικής αριστεράς χωρίς να υποτιμάται ο ρόλος της εθνικής υπόστασης των λαών)



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Democratic Confederalism: The long and short of it


NEWS DESK - Memed Aksoy, one of the columnists writing for Kurdish Question (kurdishquestion.com) wrote an analysis of Rojava Democratic Autonomy through the perspective of leader of the Kurds Abdullah Öcalan's Democratic Confederalism. The following is the whole text by Memed Aksoy.
"An anonymous 'Socialist'
With the resistance in Kobanî the shroud of darkness and silence has been lifted from above the Kurdistan Freedom Movement. Everywhere people are asking about what is happening in Kobanî, in Sinjar and around the Kurdish heartland. The narrative that is being spun by international media is one of bravery and along ethnic lines, and although this is a part of the truth it is not all of it. It is difficult to stay up-to-date with the breaking news and constant updates; and more so if you don't know the underpinnings of what the Rojava Revolution is; how it came about, what its ideological, strategic and political principles are and what it targets. 
To cut a long story short let's just say Rojava is the fruit and crown jewel of a forty year ideological, political and military struggle which has been expecting these moments we live in and has an alternative project than the one enforced by Capitalist Modernist powers and their regional dictatorial cronies in the Middle East.
The Democratic Confederal system proposed by Kurdish leader Abdullah Ocalan and the Kurdistan Freedom Movement, is a system that rejects nation-statism, capitalism and capitalist industrialism and calls instead for democratic autonomy, ecological industrialism, and a socialist economy in the four states that Kurdistan falls into, namely Turkey, Iran, Iraq (already autonomous) and Syria. It doesn't reject these states but calls them to democracy by accepting Kurdistan's autonomy but also by devolving power to local councils, municipalities etc within the states themselves. So for example in Turkey it proposes twenty autonomous regions which can decide on all matters that concern them: education, economy, self-defence etc within peoples' assemblies, communes, co-operatives and other structures and institutions that are needed at the local level. The development of this autonomy will in time limit the role of the centralised state, and the state, which now controls almost all of the above will become marginalised and obsolete to the point of extinction. If this happens the confederal structure will, depending on its acceptance by the people, spread as an alternative, more humane, equal system than the one proposed by capitalists and nation-statists. 
With Democratic Autonomy at the local level and Democratic Confederalism at the macro level the borders of Kurdistan will also become obsolete and thus Kurds and other groups will have a Kurdistan where they will be able to decide their own fate(s) and also live in peace (the political struggle will continue) with the states that neighbour them. For examples of this we can look to Rojava, where the practice of Democratic Autonomy was baring its first fruits before the attacks by Al-Nusra Front and Islamic State. In fact one can attribute the resilience of the people of Rojava to the Democratic Autonomy model and its paradigm, which rejects the state and its bureaucracy, nationalism, sexism/patriarchy, religionism, scientism (positivism), hegemony and all other forms of oppression. 
Now this is obviously a very basic relaying of the ideas which have been developed by Ocalan and the struggle of the Kurdistan Freedom Movement. It is important to understand that these ideas have been refined from 20,000 years of Middle Eastern and world history, by the struggles of slaves, peasants, workers and women and all the oppressed peoples' of the world, as well as the religions, mythology, philosophy and science that those resisting have developed. Furthermore these ideas and their practice have taken as their inspiration modern revolutions from Russia to China, from Cuba to Chile and the Zapatistas and more importantly the mistakes and misunderstandings of the forty year struggle of the Kurdistan Freedom Movement itself.
So when considering what is happening in Rojava, in Kobanî and the wider region of Kurdistan, one must take into account that the people resisting there, mostly but not all Kurds, have principles, ideas and a society that they want to create, based on gender equality, radical democracy, and an ecological socialist economy. This is why they have the will to resist an army like the Islamic State mercenaries and why they will continue their fight regardless of any compromises made to secure the future of their homes.
I wrote this short piece in order to introduce the reader to some of the concepts involved in the ideological universe of the Kurdish struggle and to share a link to Ocalan's ideas published as a pamphlet which can be downloaded here: http://www.freeocalan.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/Ocalan-Democratic-Confederalism.pdf
When considering Rojava consider that the majority of the people there are fighting and dying for these ideals. Therefore they are not simple nor throw-away pieces of information."
(lg)
 http://www.hawarnews.com/english/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=2779:democratic-confederalism-the-long-and-short-of-it&catid=1:news&Itemid=2

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