Σάββατο, 8 Νοεμβρίου 2014

MESOP / αναδημοσιεύσεις..




MESOP : FOR TO REMEMBER ………. ! BLOWBACK – Spies Warned White House: Don’t Hit Al Qaeda in Syria

Daily Beast – 8. Nov. 2014 – The U.S. is opening another front in its ISIS war—despite promises of a limited operation. Months ago, American analysts cautioned the conflict could get out of hand.

It’s the clearest signal yet that the U.S.-led military campaign in Syria is widening: American warplanes on Thursday struck at al Qaeda-affiliated jihadists who attacked two groups of Western-backed rebels—fighters that the Obama administration is counting on to battle ISIS. In an apparently improvised effort to relieve the rebels and prevent the loss of more of their strongholds close to the Turkish border, the U.S. bombed positions of Jabhat al Nusra, Al Qaeda’s Syria branch. It was a remarkable turnaround, because previously the administration had said it was avoiding attacks on the group, which used to occasionally fight alongside the American-supported rebels. But it’s a turnaround the White House should have seen coming. In meetings of senior Obama administration officials before the first airstrikes began in Syria on Sept. 22, which hit both ISIS and al Qaeda positions, U.S. intelligence officials warned that any additional American attacks against al Nusra could drive a wedge between the group and their erstwhile allies in the American-backed, moderate opposition.

The U.S. intelligence community’s fear, according to individuals involved in the discussions, was that hitting al Nusra could draw a giant target on the rebels’ backs—which is precisely what appears to have happened. In the initial round of airstrikes in late September, the U.S. struck targets occupied both by al Nusra and a third group, an al Qaeda unit known Khorasan that U.S. intelligence agencies believed was plotting attacks against commercial airliners. Khorasan may have been the target, but Nusra was hit, too, and the impression on the ground was that the U.S. had meant to go after al Nusra all along. (Some Syrian rebel groups maintain that the Americans invented Khorasan as a pretext for the attack.) Soon after, al Nusra turned on U.S.-backed rebels, labeling them in official statements last week as “corrupt” lackeys of the Obama administration.
The administration now finds itself in the very position it had hoped to avoid, fighting a broader war against al Nusra forces and risking further alienation of Syrian civilians. “The goal of the airstrikes has evolved from combatting ISIS in Iraq to combating ISIS and Al Nusra in Syria, because they pose an increasing threat to the opposition,” said a former U.S. official.
It’s those rebel forces that the Obama administration wanted to train and equip to help destroy ISIS. And it’s those forces that the U.S. military is now trying to save with these latest bombing raids against al Nusra.
“If the U.S. attacks Nusra without attacking Assad, all the average Syrian sees is that the U.S. is enabling, emboldening, and strengthening the Assad regime,” said Christopher Harmer, a former Navy officer and an analyst with the Institute for the Study of War, which monitors developments in Syria. “It’s not that the Syrian people love Nusra; it’s that Nusra has been in the fight against Assad, and the U.S. has looked for every excuse to stay out of the fight against Assad.”
At the time of the initial strikes, U.S. officials stressed repeatedly that the Americans were after Khorasan, not al Nusra. It was a measure of how concerned the White House was not to be seen attacking a group that enjoys popular support because of its opposition to Assad. But Khorsan members were sharing space with Nusra fighters, living in houses alongside them, so hitting both groups was inevitable. The attacks were interpreted on the ground by Syrians trying to overthrow Assad as an attack against al Nusra, one of his main enemies, and a sign that the U.S. had no intentions of supporting efforts to topple the regime.
“If the U.S. attacks al Qaeda without attacking Assad, all the average Syrian sees is that the U.S. is enabling, emboldening, and strengthening the Assad regime.”Now the U.S. air campaign is widening. But American officials remained reluctant to acknowledge it. “There were no strikes conducted against the al Nusra front,” Gen. Lloyd Austin, the commander of U.S. Central Command, said during remarks at the Atlantic Council in Washington on Thursday. “We did conduct a number of strikes, and the strikes were focused on the Khorasan group.”
Austin was referring to airstrikes that officials said were meant to strike another blow at the terrorist group. “We are still assessing the outcome of the attack, but have initial indications that the strikes resulted in the intended effects by destroying or severely damaging several Khorasan Group vehicles, terrorists and buildings assessed to be meeting and staging areas, IED-making facilities and training facilities,” said Maj. Curtis Kellogg, a spokesperson for U.S. Central Command. (IED stands for improvised explosive devices. Khorasan is believed to have been working with another al Qaeda division to make bombs that can be sneaked onto commercial airplanes.)
According to CNN, an American drone strike killed Khorasan’s chief bombmaker, a French jihadist named David Drugeon. If true, that would signal that U.S. military planners are getting better and more precise intelligence about Khorasan fighters on the ground in Syria. In the first round of strikes against the group, the top leaders, including Drugeon, were believed to have escaped, and there had been no indications of any strikes against Khorasan since.
Austin called Drugeon “one of the leadership elements and one of the most dangerous elements in the organization. Anytime we can take their leadership out, it’s a good thing.”
The fight with al Nusra may have been inevitable, but it risks unraveling the Obama administration’s shaky military strategy in Syria.“Current U.S. policy—attacking ISIS without seeking an end to the Assad regime, or attacking al Nusra on some days, but not others—is strategically incoherent,” said Harmer, the Syria analyst. “As long as the U.S. strategy does not specifically seek the destruction of the Assad regime, our tactics will be at best contradictory and at worst counterproductive. “
“If the U.S. goes after Nusra, it’s an admission that our previous Syria strategy is in tatters,” said Daveed Gartenstein-Ross, a fellow at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies and an expert on terrorist groups. “What would broadening the campaign accomplish?” he asked. The root problems of jihadism that motivates fighters in the first place remains unaddressed in the military strategy, he said.
Also coming under attack from the U.S. on Thursday was a brigade that al Qaeda helped to create, Ahrar al-Sham, a hardline Islamist militia, which has assisted al Nusra in its drive against Western-backed rebels. When al Nusra attacked the U.S.-backed rebels last week, it seized more than seven towns controlled by the rebel groups the Syrian Revolutionaries Front and Harakat al-Hazm, forcing them to run or defect. Al Nusra is now also threatening to grab control of a key border crossing into Turkey—one used by the U.S. to supply aid to favored rebel militias. Commanders from Hazm, which has received TOW anti-tank missiles from the U.S., appealed privately to the Obama administration this week to help them to fend off the jihadists, said senior opposition sources. But a new effort to train and equip more rebels still isn’t up and running. The Defense Department has made progress in getting some training sites ready, but vetting which rebels will actually be trained there “has not begun yet,” Pentagon spokesman Rear Adm. John Kirby told reporters on Tuesday.
The UK-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a pro-opposition group that gathers information from a network of activists inside Syria, said two civilians were killed in the latest air raids. The Observatory said also at least one airstrike hit buildings occupied by Ahrar al-Sham in the town of Babsalqa in the northwestern province of Idlib. One of the main founders of Ahrar al-Sham was Abu Khaled al-Souri, an emissary of Al Qaeda’s overall leader, Ayman al-Zawahiri.
The first airstrikes in September had already “put inter-rebel relations under enormous strain,” according to Faysal Itani, a fellow at the Atlantic Council. “By striking Jabhat al-Nusra without sufficiently strengthening its moderate counterparts first and promising (publicly, no less) to use them to fight Jabhat al-Nusra and not the regime, the United States made the opposition appear just threatening enough to provoke Jabhat al-Nusra, but not so threatening as to deter the jihadist group,” he argued in a paper for the think tank.The latest raids are likely to aggravate the internecine divisions and accelerate a realignment of insurgent forces, warn rebel commanders, complicating the Obama administration’s efforts to build up a moderate rebel force. Even rebels with militias that officially are allied with the Syrian Revolutionaries Front, one of the brigades under assault from al Nusra, are expressing anger at the renewed U.S. airstrikes. “If the U.S. continues to attack al Nusra, I and my men will swear allegiance to [Abu Mohammad] al-Golani,” the group’s leader, Abu Abdullah, a SRF commander, told the Daily Beast.
Al Nusra leader Abu Mohammad al-Golani in a video posted online this week accused moderate Syrian rebel groups of being “Western collaborators.” And there are signs that al Nusra is determined to carve out an emirate of its own to rival the caliphate of the militants of ISIS, itself a breakaway from al Qaeda.Like many rebels across the dizzying, fragmented spectrum of rebel factions—from moderates to Islamists—Abdullah argues the rebels are being set up as a sacrifice for a U.S. policy meant to prop up Iraq and defeat ISIS. And they’re furious with what they view as a cynical U.S. decision to enter the war not against Assad, but to focus instead on ISIS and jihadists.
Islamist brigades including Suqur al-Sham, a 9,000-strong militia, are openly breaking with Western-favored rebel factions. Other commanders across the squabbling insurgent spectrum are scrambling to try to broker a deal between the warring factions but say they see little signs that al Nusra is prepared to halt its offensive in Idlib province and enter a deal. —with additional reporting by Tim Mak http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2014/11/06/spies-warned-white-house-don-t-hit-al-qaeda-in-syria.html



EU-Länder finanzieren ISIS durch Ölimport – Der Westen kämpft gegen ISIS – macht aber gleichzeitig mit ihm Geschäfte. Das Öl der Terror-Miliz wird meist zu niedrigeren Preisen verkauft.

10. September 2014 19:00 Aktualisiert 19:20 autor-bz-kachel von Björn Stritzel – BERLINER ZEITUNG – Geld von europäischen Staaten für ISIS? Jana Hybášková (49), die Botschafterin der EU im Irak, ließ jetzt nach einem Treffen des EU-Ausschusses für Auswärtige Angelegenheiten die Bombe platzen: Mehrere Mitgliedsstaaten der EU kaufen Öl von ISIS und finanzieren dadurch die islamistische Terrorgruppe.

Nach einem Treffen des EU-Ausschusses für Auswärtige Angelegenheiten erklärte Botschafterin Jana Hybášková, die Frage nach dem Öl sei das Hauptproblem, was den Kampf gegen ISIS angehe: “Ich bitte die EU-Parlamentarier: Erlassen Sie kluge Sanktionen gegen jeden, der mit diesem illegalen Öl handelt. Das ist von größter Wichtigkeit. Bedauerlicherweise gibt es Mitgliedsstaaten der EU, die dieses Öl kaufen.” Die Menschenrechtssituation im Irak sei schrecklich, mehr als 250.000 Kinder seien dem Terror der Islamisten ungeschützt ausgesetzt.
ISIS hat sowohl im Irak als auch in Syrien mehrere Ölfelder erobert, darunter Al Omar, das größte Ölfeld Syriens. Die Dschihadisten nutzend entweder eigene primitive Raffinerien oder verkaufen direkt das Rohöl zu niedrigeren Preisen, als es am Weltmarkt gehandelt wird.
Hintergrund: Die Zwischenhändler auf dem Schwarzmarkt gehen mit dem ISIS-Öl ein hohes Risiko ein. Über diese Zwischenhändler gelangt das Öl dann zumeist in die Türkei und von dort offenbar in EU-Staaten – auch wenn Hybášková diese Länder nicht beim Namen nennen wollte. Der türkische Energieminister Taner Yildiz (52) hatte bisher stets abgestritten, dass sein Land Öl aus von ISIS kontrollierten Quellen weiterverkaufe. Die Gewinne aus dem verkauften Öl belaufen sich für ISIS an manchen Tagen auf bis zu eine Million Euro. Mit dem Geld bezahlt die Terrormiliz ihre Kämpfer, kauft Waffen und finanziert so ihren Feldzug im Irak und Syrien.
Rebecca Harms (57, Grüne) die im Ausschuss für Auswärtige Angelegenheiten des EU-Parlaments sitzt, erklärte gegenüber B.Z.: “Es wäre Irrsinn, wenn EU-Staaten über Umwege die ISIS mitfinanzieren würden. Die EU-Kommission muss deshalb schnellstens prüfen, ob EU-Staaten in solche Öl-Geschäfte verwickelt sind, und die Namen öffentlich machen. Erst dann sollte man über mögliche Konsequenzen sprechen.” http://www.bz-berlin.de/welt/eu-laender-finanzieren-isis-durch-oelimport-2  


 European Countries Buying Oil from Islamic State Terrorists, Says EU Ambassador

Hybaskova said that tankers filled with oil purchased from IS had arrived in European countries and that the EU must “exert pressure on Iran, Kurdistan and Turkey to stop this trade.”

IS Controls Oil Fields in Iraq and Syria

“Over the past year, the group has gained control of oil fields in Iraq and Syria, giving it access to thousands of barrels a day that it sells on the black market,” Bloomberg Businessweek reports.
european union
EU ambassador to Iraq Jana Hybaskova (Photo: Wikimedia)
“Most of the group’s oil flows through local middlemen and is paid for almost entirely in cash, making the transactions extremely difficult to track. That insulates Islamic State from traditional methods used to dry up terrorist funds, such as international banking sanctions and anti-money-laundering laws,” the article continues, adding that IS “may be making more money than any other terrorist group,” according to U.S. intelligence officials and antiterrorism finance experts. “While al-Qaeda, Hezbollah, and Hamas depend on the kindness of wealthy sympathizers and state sponsors, Islamic State finances itself almost entirely through revenue from extortion, taxes, and especially illicit oil sales.”

Islamic State Members in US and Israel

IS has reportedly taken hold in countries around the world, including the United States, according to former CIA operative Bob Baer, who recently told CNN that some American citizens had gone to Syria to join IS and returned to the US via the Mexican border.
“It’s a definite concern,” Baer said. “And then there’s the unknown, of how many people have come back they’re not even aware of.”
Even in Israel there are reports of a fifth column of Israeli Arabs promoting IS. According to YNET news site, an imam in northern Israel told his congregants: “ISIS is on the right path.”
Abed Mansour, a resident of the predominantly Arab city of Tira in central Israel, is among many in the Israeli-Arab community who strongly oppose the Islamic terror group. “I know many people who have started to support ISIS,” he stated, as reported in YNET. “There are at least a thousand of them in this city alone. They have turned into dangerous people. I sometimes wonder if they are behind the murder and violence spree in our sector.”

Written by: United with Israel Staff



Dschihadistinnen für die Front : Immer mehr Frauen schließen sich dem IS an / Brutaler als Männer

MESOP : Nicht „Dschihadisten“  =  Genderkorrekt nun auch DschihadistInnen /


Umm Jafaar: Der Einheit, die sie kommandiert, gehört auch ihr Mann an. Auf die Frage, wer in ihrer Ehe das Sagen hat, antwortet sie: “Ich natürlich! Ich bin seine Frau und seine militärische Vorgesetzte!

DEUTSCHLANDFUNK  8 Nov 2014 – Sie schießen im Auftrag Gottes, treten als Moralpolizei auf, um Frauen einzuschüchtern und bringen schon Kindern den Umgang mit der Waffe bei: Auch immer mehr Frauen schließen sich in Syrien den Extremisten an. Sie sind im Kampf für den Glauben oft noch brutaler als männliche Dschihadisten.

Umm Jaafar, eine junge Frau aus Syrien, betrieb vor dem Bürgerkrieg einen eigenen Schönheitssalon. Die Arbeit machte ihr Spaß. Trotzdem wechselte sie vom Kosmetiktisch an die Front. “Früher war mein Leben angenehm und romantisch, aber jetzt ist alles anders, jetzt herrscht Krieg. Und daran ist Assad schuld! Anfangs wussten wir nicht, wer die Guten sind, aber dann, das Blutvergießen, die vielen getöteten Frauen und Kinder. Da hat es uns gereicht. Wir hatten keine andere Wahl.” Umm Jafaar zog als Freiwillige in den Krieg, um die Truppen des Assad-Regimes zu bekämpfen. Erst wurde sie Scharfschützin, dann Kommandeurin einer Einheit mit zumeist männlichen Unterstellten. Beim Schießen spricht sie ein Bittgebet.
“Wenn ich schieße, bin nicht ich es, die schießt, sondern Gott.”
Umm Jafaar hat sich der Jabhat Al-Nusra angeschlossen, einer Extremistengruppe, die seit 2012 unter diesem Namen operiert und die al-Qaida nahesteht. Ein Jahr zuvor schlug das Assad-Regime anfangs friedliche Proteste blutig nieder. Es entließ Terroristen aus Gefängnissen – direkt in den entfachten Bürgerkrieg. Die Regimetruppen schonten die Stellungen von Extremisten, im Gegensatz zu jenen moderaterer Kämpfer.
So trug Assad zum Erstarken von Gruppen wie der Jabhat al-Nusra bei. Er will sich als letzte Alternative zu Terror und Fanatismus präsentieren.
Steigende Anhängerzahlen
Ihre Erfolge im Bürgerkrieg verschafften der Jabhat al-Nusra Zulauf. Die Kampfmoral ist hoch. Umm Jaafar hat, wie sie dem Reporter von Al Jazeera erzählt, hier auch ihren Mann.”Wir haben an der Front geheiratet und sogar ein kleines Fest gefeiert, zusammen mit den Kameraden. Gibt es etwas Schöneres als solch eine Hochzeit des Dschihad und des Sieges?”
Der Einheit, die sie kommandiert, gehört auch ihr Mann an. Auf die Frage, wer in ihrer Ehe das Sagen hat, antwortet sie: “Ich natürlich! Ich bin seine Vorgesetzte, zu Hause und an der Front!”
Bei Umm Jaafar war es der Zorn über den Kriegsverbrechen Assads, der sie in den Bürgerkrieg trieb, zur Jabhat al-Nusra. Die Terroristen vom sogenannten Islamischen Staat hingegen rekrutieren auch Frauen, die den Krieg bislang nur aus dem Fernsehen kennen.Der IS stellt Propagandavideos ins Internet, die sich speziell an Frauen richten, wie dieses Video hier.”Du bist das gute Mädchen”, heißt es im Text des Liedes, “Du zündest die Fackel des Glaubens an, um die Gemeinschaft der Muslime zu retten.”
Auch in sozialen Netzwerken werden Frauen angeworben, Aisha zum Beispiel, eine junge Frau aus Tunesien:
“Ich bin auf eine Frau gestoßen, die den Gesichtsschleier trägt und die anderen Frauen den Islam erklärt. Sie motivierte uns dazu, mehr auf unsere Religion zu achten. Irgendwann sprach sie mit uns darüber, nach Syrien zu gehen. Wollt ihr als Heiden in gottlosen Ländern sterben, fragte sie, oder in einem Land, wo der Koran und der Dschihad zu Hause sind?”
Das Land ist der sogenannte Islamische Staat, das selbst ernannte Kalifat beiderseits der syrisch-irakischen Grenze. Hier geht es den Terroristen um mehr als nur um den bewaffneten Kampf. Hier wollen sie einen Ort schaffen, an dem sie ihre radikale Ideologie gesellschaftlich entfalten können. Dazu brauchen sie Frauen.
Und Kinder.
Erst Koranschule, dann Schießunterricht
In einem Video der Onlineplattform Erem News fragt der Reporter den kleinen Abu Qaqaa, wo er denn herkomme. Aus Frankreich, antwortet der Junge. Er ist höchstens sechs Jahre alt ist. Wie denn das Land heiße, in dem er jetzt wohnt? Die Antwort: “Islamischer Staat im Irak und in Großsyrien”.
In dem Video sind Kinder beim Koranunterricht zu sehen oder draußen, im Gelände, wo sie wie Pfadfinder die schwarze IS-Fahne schwenken.Beim Schießunterricht können die Kleinen die Waffen kaum halten. Später spielen sie unter Anleitung Selbstmordattentate durch. Mit Beginn des neuen Schuljahres hat der IS Richtlinien für den Unterricht erlassen. Die neuen Lehrpläne wurden von allen angeblich unislamischen Inhalten gesäubert. Jungen und Mädchen werden getrennt unterrichtet – die Mädchen nur von Lehrerinnen. Doch die IS-Extremisten setzen Frauen auch im Sicherheitsbereich ein. In den eroberten Gebieten patrouillieren Dschihadistinnen zum Beispiel als Moralpolizei, die andere Frauen einschüchtern soll. Dabei gehen sie manchmal genau so brutal vor wie männliche Extremisten. Im Internet sind Fotos zu sehen, auf denen sie mit Köpfen von Enthaupteten posieren.
“Ich hatte fürchterliche Angst”
Aisha aus Tunesien, die über Facebook auf IS-Propagandistinnen gestoßen war, erzählt dem Sender Tunisia TV, wie sie langsam skeptisch wurde. “In solchen Facebook-Gruppen denken alle, dass wir in den arabischen Ländern von Ungläubigen regiert werden. Deshalb dürfe man auch Polizisten und andere Staatsdiener töten.” Noch in Tunesien begann sie zu zweifeln – sehr zum Unmut ihrer Propagandistin. “Als ich mir das alles noch mal überlegen wollte, da drohte sie mir. Sie würde mich umbringen, wenn ich nicht mitmache. Ich hatte fürchterliche Angst.”
Trotz dieser Angst beschloss Aisha schließlich, doch nicht nach Syrien zu gehen.

MESOP – FSA commander: ISIS controls most of Kobani, PYD offers military support in Aleppo

(Zaman Al Wasl)- Colonel Abdel Jabbar al-Akaidi confessed of the difficulty of Kobani’s battle as the Islamic State ISIS controling most of it. He wishes that Kobani’s battle would be a start for national unity between Arab abd Kurds. He insisted on overthrowing Bashar al-Assad’s regime as well as fighting ISIS.In special interview with Zaman al-Wasl, Colonel Abdel Jabbar al-Akaidi, the Free Syrian Army’s commander, described situation in Ain al-Arab “Kobani” as “extremely difficult”. He revealed that Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham “ISIS” controls 60%-70% of the city. “However, we cannot announce it’s fall, as fighters of the Free Syrian Army and Kurdish groups are still there, beside the difference in powers started to balance after support from Bishmarka and FSA arrived.”

In regard to arming, the leader of the Free Syrian Army “FSA” revealed that they had not had any support from anybody and they used their own arms. He added that they did not request any arms from the US-led alliance, and the alliance did not offer them any arms as well.
Al-Akaidi declared that no coordination between them and the National Coalition, as the National Coalition had not contacted the FSA’s leadership at all, even to insure their safety.
Al-Akaidi denied any conflict or disagreement between them as FSA and the Kurds forces, especially the Democratic Union Party “PYD”, “despite PYD had disappointed us in one battle, that was temporary conflict, and now there is ISIS, which is our a common enemy with Bashar al-Assad’s regime, and we fight against both of them”
The Commander of the FSA confirmed that sending forces to “Kobani” had not affected Aleppo’s front, because all fighters were from other fronts especially those who had withdrawn from areas after becoming under ISIS’s control, besides the fighters who were in turkey.
Colonel al-Akaidi was grateful for Turkey’s support and facilitating way to Kobani, “Turkey always proved its sincere and honest intents toward the Syrian Revolution”
Al-Akaidi confirmed that 150 member of Bishmaka forces entered Konbani, and they were armed with mortars and artilleries. He did not consider their entry to Kobani as an interference in Syria’s interior matters, as forces on ground called for Bishmarka to help them in fighting ISIS.
The FSA Commander denied accusing PYD of cooperation with Syrian regime, but he confessed that he accused them of betraying the FSA in one battle, but recently, circumstances has changed and alliances must change accordingly, as they both wanted to defeat ISIS and Bashar al-Assad, and they work together in one operation room.
He believed that US-led international alliance had made a big mistake when concentrated its main effort to suppress ISIS while left the Syrian regime killing Syrian people without any punishment.
The Colonel justified changing his attitude toward ISIS, and PYD from friends to enemy and vice versa, by explaining that in politics, circumstances always change, and yesterday’s enemies could become today’s allies if they face a common enemy, “first ISIS fought besides the FSA and did not killed Syrians, but when it started expiating Syrians and killing them, we stood against them, and now we and PYD have common enemies, ISIS and Regime, therefore we cooperated together”
In regard to the FSA’s 5000 fighters who are going to be trained in Saudi Arabia, the leader denied knowing anything about he matter, he claimed hearing about it from media only. https://www.zamanalwsl.net/en/news/7393.html


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