Πέμπτη, 27 Νοεμβρίου 2014

MESOP / Προς ενημέρωση ενθέρμων "αντι-ιμπεριαλιστών", από καλά δομημένους εχθρούς τους...ή σύντροφοι φάτε ΠΡΑΓΜΑΤΙΚΟΤΗΤΑ.






A History-Making Arms Transfer, Devised in Secrecy, Executed With Typical German Efficiency



Kurds get weapons from Berlin – 26 Nov 2014 – medium.com – On Aug. 31, the German government announced its decision to provide military aid to the Kurdish Peshmerga battling Islamic State militants in Iraq. It’s a first in German history—and one with serious political implications.

There was no public debate or any previous announcement hinting at the coming arms deal. But the German military follows government policy, so it got to work making the transfer happen. A small team of infantry instructors traveled to Erbil in Iraqi Kurdistan in order to familiarize the Peshmerga with the small arms. The Pesh surely know how to operate the usual arms like the G3, AK-47 or PKM. But the German MG3, G36 and P1—fine pieces of German weapons engineering—are unfamiliar. At top—weapons in Germany awaiting shipment to Peshmerga forces. Above—a Milan launcher. All photos courtesy of the author
The arms transfer includes 8,000 G36s and 40 MG3s, but the most important element—what the Pesh lack and need most badly—are antitank weapons. Berlin’s package includes 30 Milan anti-tank missile launchers with 500 rockets, plus 200 Panzerfaust 3 adapters with 2,500 projectiles. The Milan weapon system has proven effective in many conflicts, but it requires some training to fire accurately. The Panzerfaust 3—Pzf 3 for short—is a simple anti-tank missile system and pretty much self-explanatory, thanks to instructional pictograms. Clip the adapter on the rocket tube, unfold the adapter, aim, fire, unclip adapter, repeat.
A Panzerfaust 3 firing adapter
For the sake of proper training on those weapon systems, the Bundeswehr brought 40 Peshmerga to German facilities, including the infantry school in Hammelburg. To the German military, handing over thousands of weapons is no big deal—they’re all surplus to domestic requirements. Ultimately, the political implications are more important.
A G3 rifle
After World War II, Germany adopted a policy banning the sale of weapons and military equipment to active conflict countries. As righteous as this might sound, the policy still allows arms sales to neighboring states, which can then pass the weapons along to whomever they like. But now the government in Berlin feels it needs to directly support friendly forces in a dire situation … and is creatively interpreting old policy in order to justify the effort.
Officially, the weapons are country support, which Berlin normally grants to young states in order to help build up military and domestic forces. Therefore, Berlin gave the weapons to the Kurds for free. The package isn’t a sale, so it avoids the ban. You can argue all you want about the status of the Kurdish “state.” But those weapons speak a rather clear language themselves. Domestically, this policy breach sparked a controversial discussion about the arms trade in general—and whether the government has the right to act like this. Country support doesn’t need parliamentary approval like commercial arms deals do. So the government made the decision in secrecy and informed the public about it afterwards. When public pressure increased, the government decided to hold a consultation hearing in the parliament without any real impact on the decision. Slowly smothering the issue in the public. For the first time in its history, Germany has broken its own arms proliferation policy by sending weapons to a war zone. It’s a “good” deed originating in secrecy without public consent … and executed with typical German military precision. https://medium.com/war-is-boring/a-history-making-arms-transfer-devised-in-secrecy-and-executed-with-typical-german-military-ff7e2fb68622 

Turkey delivers arms to Iraqi Kurds in fight against IS

English.news.cn   2014-11-26 – ANKARA, Nov. 25 (Xinhua) — Turkey has provided weapons to Iraqi Kurdish forces fighting against the Islamist State (IS) militants, Iraqi Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) Chief of Staff Fuad Hussein said. In an interview with Turkey’s Daily Hurriyet published on Tuesday, Hussein said that along with training Iraqi Kurdish fighters of autonomous administration in northern Iraq, Turkey has also sent weapons to the Kurdish fighters.

Those were not heavy weapons, said Hussein, adding Iraqi Kurds’ expectation for heavy weapons as well. The Iraqi Kurdish Chief of Staff also said it was Turkey that suggested the Iraqi Kurdish fighters should join defense of the Kurdish-populated Syrian city of Ayn al-Arab, also know as Kobane, against the jihadist group. Turkish army has trained 230 Iraqi Kurdish fighters so far in northern Iraq. Some 150 Iraqi Kurdish fighters, sent by the Kurdish regional government in Iraq, crossed into Syria through Turkish border in September to help their Syrian Kurds brethren in their fight against the IS militants. http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/world/2014-11/26/c_133813680.htm


The boss of Iranian Quds brigades Qasim Suleimani celebrating with Hade Amre, chief of Shia militias, the liberation of Jawlala in Iraq from Islamic State. This is how Obamas allies are looking like


by: Jennifer Cafarella and Christopher Kozak (ISW) – Key Takeaways: Jabhat al-Nusra and Rebel Forces Attack Regime Hold-Out in Northern Aleppo: JN and rebel forces attacked regime and Hezbollah forces in the heavily-fortified Shi’a towns of Nubl and Zahra northwest of Aleppo City. This attack was likely intended to free up an alternate supply route to rebels in Aleppo City. If successful, the operation could serve to counteract a recent increase in regime pressure on a rebel primary supply line through Handarat in the northeastern outskirts of Aleppo City. The YPG’s decision to support the regime in the defense of Nubul and Zahra increases the likelihood of a rumored JN offensive against the Afrin canton, allegedly the location of JN and ISIS negotiations in Aleppo.

Jabhat al-Nusra Faces Protest in Idlib Province: The eruption of local civilian protests against JN in Southern Idlib Province may lead JN to reduce its aggression against local commanders and remaining Syrian Revolutionaries Front (SRF) members after JN ousted the SRF and Harakat Hazm from the area. Nonetheless, JN continues to formally implement Shari’a law in the province and has not faced meaningful resistance in response to its overt governance activities. 

MESOP : More than 300 thousand displaced Yezidi Kurds in Kurdistan Region

KRG ORG / MESOP – 26 Nov 2014 – Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq, (KRG.org) – The Kurdistan Regional Government Prime Minister’s envoy for people who fled ISIS terrorist organization from Sinjar, Dr. Nouri Osman Sinjari, said that since the capture of the town by ISIS, 263,000 have fled to Duhok, 20,000 to Erbil, 20,000 to Slemani, and a few to neighbouring Turkey and Syria. He said many have been rescued from Sinjar Mountain.

In an interview with KRG.org, Dr. Nouri said the “KRG established this special representation office to monitor the situation and assess the needs of displaced people who fled ISIS persecution from Sinjar and its environs and who sought refuge in the Kurdistan Region due to the takeover of their homeland”.  With the arrival of winter rains and colder temperatures their needs have greatly increased. About 10,000 people, mostly Yezidi Kurds, have decided to remain on Sinjar Mountain with Peshmerga and volunteer fighters to defend their homeland. The Prime Minister’s envoy explained, “Those still on the mountain remain by choice because they do not want to leave their homes. Some evacuated earlier but have returned to defend their homeland.  Some even came from Europe and have been killed in fighting ISIS terrorists.”
Iraqi and US forces continue to airdrop humanitarian supplies, including food and medicine, and the ill and injured are being evacuated. This action continues in cooperation with the Federal Government of Iraq. He lauded the support of the Iraqi President Dr. Fuad Masoum and Iraqi Army Chief of Staff, Lieutenant General Babakir Zebari. However, Dr. Nouri Osman Sinjari highlighted insufficient response by the Iraqi government in meeting the emergency needs of the displaced people who fled to the Kurdistan Region. The Region is host to 1.4 million displaced people from center-south Iraq, including 70,000 Christians and 300,000 Yezidis from Nineveh Governorate, and more than 200,000 refugees from Syria.With the Federal Government of Iraq suspending funding to the Kurdistan Region since January, meeting the emergency needs of this exceptionally high number of displaced people has been particularly difficult. Despite the formation of a national committee to assist displaced people, headed by Iraqi Deputy Prime Minister Salih Al-Mutalq, the response has been inadequate, especially in the provision of health care. The KRG is in contact with the committee and continues to seek full support.Dr. Nouri praised the role of the people of the Kurdistan Region and especially the people of Duhok Governorate for their support and offers of assistance to so many. Duhok is host to more displaced people than any other governorate in the country. He praised the Governor of Duhok and all government staff for their hard work. He highlighted the efforts of the Duhok Directorate of Health which started a vaccination campaign to prevent epidemic diseases in cooperation and with support of international health organizations.  Despite inadequate Iraqi government funding, the KRG allocated about $100 million to Duhok for health services.  This includes funding to send serious cases abroad for treatment. As the Kurdistan Region is the forefront of the fight against ISIS terrorism on behalf of the world, the Prime Minister’s envoy urged the international community, particularly the US and UK, to expand and accelerate military and humanitarian assistance. With ISIS threatening further aggression and atrocities, Dr. Nouri said the situation in Sinjar remains alarming. Atrocities committed against Yezidis are being documented. Hundreds have been killed, buried in mass graves, with some bodies being uncovered by recent rains. He noted that Yezidis are inseparable from their fellow Kurds. Their religious texts are written in Kurdish. The Prime Minister’s envoy concluded the KRG seeks the persecution of Yezidi Kurds to be internationally recognized as genocide.


Ali Hashem – 26 Nov 2014 – Al Monitor – For years, Iraqi Shiites have been immune to the Iranian copy of Shiism; the chemistry didn’t work. Iranians strained for years during the post-Saddam Hussein era to establish a solid footprint, but they always failed to reach their goals due to differences in mentality, ethnicity, the approach to political Islam and the de facto hostility that ruled the relationship between both nations. That is not to say Iran wasn’t influential, but that it failed all this time to win the hearts and minds of its fellow Shiites.

Iran backed and financed several groups in Iraq, and was the main ally of the former prime minister and now vice president, Nouri al-Maliki, and his Dawa party. The cleric Muqtada al-Sadr was close to them, but not close enough to be their man in Iraq; he had his own way of thinking that agrees and deviates according to his interests. The same applies to many other prominent Iraqi leaders. That’s why there was no Iraqi copy of Lebanon’s Hezbollah. This was until the Islamic State (IS) led by self-titled Caliph Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi invaded Mosul and reached only tens of meters from the shrine of the two Askari Imams in Samarra, north of Baghdad.
“That was another day,” an Iranian official with deep understanding of what’s going on in Iraq told me. “Hajj Qasem Soleimani [Quds Force commander of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps] and his men showed that Iran cares for Iraq as a nation. Our iconic commander himself went there and fought with the Iraqi volunteers who celebrated his presence,” the official said. “If it wasn’t for Hajj Qasem and his men, Daesh [IS] [would be] today destroying the shrines of the household of the Prophet Muhammad, and that’s why today is another day.”Iran started a widespread effort to enhance its political and religious influence in Iraq. Iranians were on the ground, there’s no denying, but there was also an Iraqi cleric, Sayed Hashem al-Haidari, who appeared in the political and military arena giving the Iranian path in the neighboring Arab country a strong local legitimacy. Haidari’s videos show him as another copy of Lebanese Hezbollah’s Hassan Nasrallah, with his fiery speeches, his charisma and his strong relations with Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. Haidari has been active during Ashoura, the holy Shiite annual season that commemorates the battle of Karbala that saw Imam Hussein, the grandson of the prophet, killed by the Umayyad army.
“It’s very similar to what happened in Bosnia,” the official source told Al-Monitor, “Iran supported the Muslims against Yugoslavia’s Slobodan Milosevic, while the United States showed verbal support. It’s the same in Iraq. We are the ones fighting on the ground and that’s why the Iraqi forces, with the help of the volunteers and the peshmerga, were able to recapture several towns, while the airstrikes by the United States and its allies materialized nothing on the ground.” According to the official, Iran’s participation in the battle with IS in Iraq is still within the framework of military experts and few hundred well trained officers on the ground, “but Iran is ready to enhance its presence if the Iraqi government requested, if the battle field needs such addition.”
Al-Monitor learned from an Iraqi military source on the ground that dozens of highly trained Lebanese Hezbollah military experts arrived in Iraq to help in the military management of the battle. “They aren’t fighting, but they are helping with the tactics, as they are well experienced in such battles. They understand the mentality of the IS fighters more than anyone on the ground,” the source said. Yet, he ruled out the possibility, at least for now, that Hezbollah’s fighters would get involved directly in the war. “Iraqi fighters, the army and the volunteers are capable of ending this war by themselves,” he said.
Another senior Iranian official, Deputy Foreign Minister Hossein-Amir Abdollahian, accused the US-led coalition of supporting IS. He told Al-Monitor that the Western countries aim to secure their interests in the region: “Iran on different occasions warned the United States and Western countries about the IS threats and the growing presence of terrorists in the sensitive Middle East region. These terrorist groups will continue their operations unless the United States and the West adopt a clear approach to fight terrorism.” It’s true that Iranian officials show some suspicions over the US-led coalition’s role in Iraq and Syria, but they know well that cooperation with the coalition will help end the battle quicker. The same applies to Washington; therefore both nations were negotiating over the nuclear file with their eyes on Syria and Iraq, it’s maybe one reason why they resisted the de facto failure to arrive at a deal and decided to continue. Both reached a consensus that they don’t have the luxury to disengage at this moment. Read more: http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2014/11/iran-iraq-shiites-isis.html#ixzz3KAYykhBY

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