Κυριακή, 10 Ιουνίου 2018

The Region - Δύο άρθρα δύο κόσμοι: Το σχίσμα [1- In Gaza's latest protests, Kurds should stand with Israel, 2- In Gaza's protests, Kurds should stand with Palestine]

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Debate: In Gaza's protests, Kurds should stand with Israel - The Region

Εditorial Introduction 

On the 16th of May, we published a statement released by the executive committee of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), which demonstrated it's commitment to standing in solidarity with those in Gaza who had lost their lives in a series of protests on the Gaza/Israeli border. At the time, Israeli gunfire had left 1,500 wounded, and lead to the death of dozens over the course of one week. The statement itself was seen as controversial, by critics and sympathisers alike.  

The PKK, provides the ideological tenants which inspire the YPJ (Women's protection units), the YPG (Peoples protection units) and their political wing, the PYD (Democratic Union Party).  Over the course of the Syrian civil war, the PYD has been a leading partner of the International coalition against the so-called Islamic State (IS) and although the PYD is organisationally separate from the PKK, it adheres to the ideological perspectives of the PKK. 

This only means that whether supporters or critics may disagree, the PKK is extremely important in shaping the direction of West Asian politics.
The latest statement released by the PKK, which emphasised "the solidarity of the Kurdish people with the Palestinian and Arab people", and which condemned the decision by many of Israel's allies to "announce Jerusalem as the capital of Israel", caused controversy, and drew a divisive line between left-wing and right-wing supporters of the Kurdish struggle for self-determination and IS. It also divided many in the Kurdish diaspora.   
The following is an article written by Zach Daniel. The main thrust of the argument is that the "PKK should recognize the long-running sympathy and material support for the Kurdish cause that the Jewish People and their state have offered — and avoid a message of sympathy for the Palestinians that could be understood as an endorsement of Hamas’ barbaric tactics against civilians on both sides. "  


Please make sure to read the counterpoint, written by Kerem Schamberger, which is supportive of the latest PKK statement against the killings of Palestinians on the Gaza-Israeli border. It argues that because “Journalists have been killed in cold blood, nurses have been murdered, babies have died from tear gas, and thousands are susceptible to becoming permanently disabled”, the PKK was right and just to stand in solidarity with Gazan protesters.  

In Gaza's latest protests, Kurds should stand with Israel


The Executive Committee of the Kurdistan Worker’s Party (PKK) released a sharply-worded condemnation of Israel’s response to the escalating situation on the Gaza border. Calling for non-violent resolution and negotiations, the statement also went so far as to call the 62 deaths on May 14th a “massacre,” as part of Turkish and Israeli “genocidal colonialism.”

Selahattin Demirtas, head of the pro-Kurdish People’s Democratic Party (HDP) similarly tweeted harsh sentiments, and wished “mercy from Allah to the massacred sons and daughters” from Israel’s “boundless barbarism.”
There’s a glaring problem. By any moral, tactical, or ideological measure, the Palestinian mode of resistance seems incongruent with the moral and ideological aims of the PKK — unbecoming of the level of solidarity expressed by the PKK’s leadership. It’s also incongruent with previous opinions of top level PKK cadres.
First of all, were the protests in Gaza peaceful, and who was “massacred”?
To remove dispute about numbers and intent, let’s go only by what Hamas said in recent days. A senior Hamas official estimated that, “50 of them are from Hamas and 12 from the people … these are official numbers.” Palestinian Islamic Jihad claims an additional three. Those breaching the border published videos of themselves bearing knives, molotov cocktails, screaming “Allah akbar” as they broke through, headed towards Israeli communities just hundreds of meters away. “We will take down the border and we will tear out their hearts from their bodies,” was the rally cry from Yahya Sinwar, Hamas’ military leader.
Hence it is no surprise that the co-founder of Hamas, Mahmoud al-Zahar, told al Jazeera in an interview about the protests that, “When we talk about ‘peaceful resistance,’ we are deceiving the public. This is a peaceful resistance bolstered by a military force and by security agencies,” and added that they are using a “…clear terminological deception.”
So in reality, it was a massacre of mostly jihadist terrorists — cousins of those which the PKK and its ideological affiliate, the YPG, have sacrificed to eradicate.
If they were referring to the tragic loss of several civilian lives in the crossfire, however heart-breaking each death is, reality does not bode well for the narrative of alleged Israeli indiscriminate fire on civilians — if in a crowd of tens of thousands, nearly 90 percent of those killed in the “massacre” are enemy combatants.
When coalition air support for liberation of ISIS strongholds was provided to the YPG, did it crow about undue amounts of civilian casualties? Were they counting? It begs the question of whether there’s a double standard in our shared fight against radical jihad.
Since the PKK statement firmly aligns it with the struggle of the Palestinians, here’s a quick comparison of their tactics of resistance: Kurdish leaders do not mobilize women and children to breach the Turkish border wall or conflict boundaries. The Kurds also do not fire from civilian population centers, at civilian population centers, as Hamas does. It did not laden animals with explosives, nor did it transport terrorists in first responder vehicles.
The PKK’s resistance does not stab pregnant women, kidnap children and then murder them, and nor do they hold the mentally ill and the body parts of their enemies for barter. The Kurds wouldn’t squander international aid on tunnels used solely to kidnap and massacre civilians.
The PKK promotes respect for the environment — while Hamas sets forests ablaze and orders ‘tire burning units’ to torch 10,000 tires. Under Hamas, political opponents and gays may face execution.
The PKK can do better than this: their morality is head and shoulders above any organized resistance movement the Palestinians have ever mustered. The PKK has been focused on building a free entity, while the dominant Palestinian ‘liberation movements’ are focused on destroying one. Compare what happened when Assad withdrew from Rojava, with what happened when Israel withdrew from Gaza.
The stark difference between the PKK and Hamas is that Hamas actually deserves to be a designated terror organization.
Writing as someone who came to know Kurdish fighters during a combined dozen trips to their areas in Iraq, Syria, and Turkey, the moral clarity between the Kurds and their enemies is unmatched. Nothing the PKK can say would diminish the respect deserved by the martyrs and their families, for their sacrifices on behalf of humanity.
Noting a “common struggle of the Kurdish and Arab peoples,” the PKK said that the Palestinians “…supported the struggle for freedom and democracy elsewhere in the world.”
Whichever struggle the Palestinians were supporting, it wasn’t the Kurdish one.
Yasser Arafat’s kinship with Saddam Hussein during his massacre of 182,000 Kurds is well-known; memorials and businesses honoring the brutal dictator dot the West Bank. Saeb Erekat, the former Palestinian Authority’s chief negotiator, in 2015 declared that “Kurdish independence would be a poisoned sword against the Arabs.” With vocal opposition to the Iraqi Kurdish 2017 independence referendum, the Palestinians were lockstep with the Arab League’s efforts against the right of the Kurds to secede from Iraq.
When Turkish-backed jihadists invaded Afrin to suppress the Kurdish democratic confederation in Syria, Hamas leader Khaled Meshaal congratulated Turkey on their conquest.
Following Hamas’ congratulations to Turkey — and amid this week’s pro-Palestinian solidarity from the PKK — the United Nations confirmed that Palestinians from western Syria are being settled in Afrin, as part of the Turkish campaign to obliterate the enclave’s Kurdish-majority.
Compare Israeli behavior vis-a-vis the Kurds with that of the Palestinians. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who on a number of occasions blasted Turkish aggression in Afrin, endorsed the right of Kurdish self-determination — alongside almost all members his cabinet and countless members of the parliament. Israel is the sole major power to do so.
Former Israeli Defense Forces Deputy Chief of Staff Yair Golan even opined last summer that, “the [PKK] is not a terrorist organization” — and despite rhetorical clarification from Netanayhu, Israel has not legally designated it as such. This is despite the PKK losing 13 fighters against Israel in 1982 during the Lebanon War.
Zagros Hiwa, a senior spokesman for the PKK, offered some important context to the PKK's statement, via email:
“We condemn the attack of the state against a peaceful protest. Our solidarity with the Palestinian people should not be understood as enmity with the Jewish people and the whole state of Israel — rather, only Israel’s ruling class. We are for a peaceful solution to the conflict.”
"For us, Hamas does not represent the real cause of the Palestinian people. It is a deviation from the real cause which has led astray the rightful struggle of the Palestinians. Hamas congratulated Turkey on the Afrin invasion. We should have congratulated Israel, in retaliation, if we had a mentality like Hamas. Hamas is against the Jews and Israel. We are not against the Jews and Israel.”
“The Jews are surrounded by a sea of Arabs who see Israel as an enemy. This is unfortunate. The Jews have the right to live freely all over the Middle East without any threat.”
Mr. Zagros cites the ideas of PKK founder Abdullah Ocalan, who advocates a unique approach to the conflict. Ocalan suggests a single “Israeli-Arab federation” for both sides that would replace nationalist and religious-driven entities. Zagros explains:
"The two state solution will only aggravate the matter. It lays the ground for future endless conflicts. We are against the state-nation mentality which has caused grievances and sufferings for the Jews and Palestinians."
"Both people can live side by side within one political entity which ensures the equal rights of the Arabs and Jews. So, once the notion of the nation-state is overcome and a new view on peaceful coexistence is adopted, the Jewish and the Palestinians will trigger a whole process of democratization all over the Middle East and contribute to the solution of other questions, especially the Kurdish question."
“Iranian, Turkish, and Arab tyrants don't want a solution to the Palestinian issue. They want to keep it in place, to exploit the matter for their own internal policies and anti-democratic practices, to overshadow all of their own repressions, massacres, and corruption.”
“It is of prime importance for Israel to take the initiative and solve the issue with its own internal dynamics and the support and solidarity of other peoples.”
This context for the PKK statement is helpful, and earlier rhetoric by senior leadership of the PKK — and her umbrella organization, the KCK — reveal a fairly kindred view of the Zionist entity.
Dr. Jonathan Spyer, a preeminent Israeli expert on regional affairs, spoke with KCK Parliament President Zubeyir Aydar in 2014. Mr. Zubeyir said:
“There is an Islamic approach toward Israel in the Middle East,” he said. “Before that, there was a leftist point of view. But both of these were based on Arab nationalism. This view was saying that Israel has no place in the Middle East, and Jews have no rights in the Middle East.
“The other nations in the Middle East – Arabs, Turks, Iranians, Kurds – have to accept the existence of Israel in the Mideast. They have to recognize that these people are from the region, and are indigenous people of the region. And whatever rights Arabs have, Israel also has. This nation has the right to live on its own soil.”
Aydar went on to call for “breaking the walls between Kurds and Israelis, and getting to know each other. If we can continue our friendship, both sides will benefit from it. The region needs the Israeli experience.
In 2010, Murat Karayilan, co-founder of the PKK and head of the PKK military wing, told Israeli journalist Itai Anghel that

“Turkey, whom you assist, is a clear supporter of Hamas, and Erdogan’s government operates against Israel. Come to think of it, Turkey, Iran and Syria have aligned to destroy us… We know that Israel is isolated in the Middle East and we know that like us, you have experienced genocide. We’d expect Israel not to cooperate and not to aid those who seek to destroy Kurds and our freedom fighters.”
A reasonable expectation. Israel and the “progressive” West should begin to rectify their errors by isolating the increasingly belligerent Turkish regime. This week’s bipartisan efforts in the US Congress to halt the sale of the F-35 stealth fighter to Turkey offers some hope.

The PKK and her ideological affiliates should certainly continue to help affect a peaceful resolution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. They should focus on promoting their ideology as a starting point to address the real humanitarian challenges of the everyday Palestinian living under Hamas and the PLO.
At the same time, the PKK should recognize the long-running sympathy and material support for the Kurdish cause that the Jewish People and their state have offered — and avoid a message of sympathy for the Palestinians that could be understood as an endorsement of Hamas’ barbaric tactics against civilians on both sides.

ΔΕΥΤΕΡΟ ΑΡΘΡΟ
In the latest border protests, Kurds should stand with Palestine

Εditorial Introduction 

On the 16th of May, we published a statement released by the executive committee of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), which demonstrated it's commitment to standing in solidarity with those in Gaza who had lost their lives in a series of protests on the Gaza/Israeli border. At the time, Israeli gunfire had left 1,500 wounded, and lead to the death of dozens over the course of one week. The statement itself was seen as controversial, by critics and sympathisers alike.  

The PKK provides the ideological tenants of the YPJ (Women's protection units), the YPG (Peoples protection units) and their political wing, the PYD (Democratic Union Party).  Over the course of the Syrian civil war, the PYD has been a leading partner of the International coalition against the so-called Islamic State (IS) and although the PYD is organisationally separate from the PKK, it adheres to the ideological perspectives of the PKK which have clearly become extremely important in shaping the sphere of West Asian politics.
In addition, the umbrella organisation of which the PKK is a member of, the KCK, has a presence in Iran, Turkey, Syria and Iran. Needless to be said, statements released by the PKK are therefore important, withstanding the controversial nature of the organization.
The latest statement released by the PKK, which emphasised "the solidarity of the Kurdish people with the Palestinian and Arab people", and which condemned the decision by many of Israel's allies to "announce Jerusalem as the capital of Israel", caused controversy, and drew a divisive line between left-wing and right-wing supporters of the Kurdish struggle for self-determination and IS. It also divided many in the Kurdish diaspora.   
The following is an article written by Kerem Schamberger, which is supportive of the latest PKK statement against the killings of Palestinians on the Gaza-Israeli border. It argues that because “Journalists have been killed in cold blood, nurses have been murdered, babies have died from tear gas, and thousands are susceptible to becoming permanently disabled”, to stand in solidarity with Gazan protesters is an act of humanism.   Furthermore, it also contends that the structural manner in which Turkey and Israel deal with the Kurdish and Palestinian questions respectively are remarkably the same. 


Make sure to read the counterpoint by Zach Daniel. The main thrust of his argument is that the "PKK should recognize the long-running sympathy and material support for the Kurdish cause that the Jewish People and their state have offered — and avoid a message of sympathy for the Palestinians that could be understood as an endorsement of Hamas’ barbaric tactics against civilians on both sides. "  




In the latest border protests, Kurds should stand with Palestine

The Kurdish Freedom movement is right to support the Palestinian Struggle and should always do so, for the Serhildan and Intifada are on the same path of liberation. This is why the latest statement released by the PKK in solidarity with Palestinians struggling for their right to self-determination should be supported.  
Since the Great March of Return protests began two months ago, 13,190 people are said to have been injured -- many of whom by live bullets --  and over a hundred have been killed. How many of those injured will eventually succumb to their wounds and die?
It is too early to tell.
Journalists have been killed in cold blood, nurses have been murdered, a baby has died from tear gas, thousands are susceptible to being permanently disabled. “I truly believe that much of the world completely underestimates the extent of the disaster in human terms that occurred in the Gaza Strip”, UNRWA’s Commissioner-General Pierre Krahenbuhl told the press on behalf of the United Nations, “As many people or even slightly more were injured during a total of 7 days of protests than were injured during the full duration of the 2014 conflict.”
The question most ask is why the people of Gaza are protesting? Are they really doing so just to endanger Israel’s “national security” as Netanyahu would have it? Of course not.     

For years, the people of Gaza have lived under a blockade which has led to food shortage, an unemployment rate of 43% and a chronic energy crisis which gives them only a few hours worth of electricity a day. Their infrastructure is decimatedand by the account of most of its residents, Gaza is the worlds biggest open air prison. Gaza is a prison, Israel administers it, Egypt gets to be prison guard. What is happening in Gaza is a prison break, for people who have done nothing wrong.  
It’s a mystery why people have been surprised about the PKK’s latest statement about Israel’s latest massacre on the Gaza border. As Marcel Cartier has mentioned, Mustafa Karasu, himself a founding member of the PKK, recalled recently that in 1982, “13 of our cadres fell in the fight against the occupation of Lebanon by Israel. The Israeli state also participated in the international conspiracy against Abdullah Ocalan and murdered four of our comrades in Berlin. No doubt, we will never forget the support the Palestinians gave to the Kurdish people in the 1980s.”Why would they be expected to forget? Without the help of Palestinian Marxist factions like the PFLP and the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine, the first PKK cadres would have never gotten military training in the first place. And, at the end of the day, it's not only about the historic relationship between the two struggles but simply for the sake of humanity. Israel killed more than one human wearing a clearly identifiable free press jacket, how many times has Turkey gotten away with doing the same?

Israel gets away with this through a rhetorical move, that has by now, become central to the administration of dictatorship all across the Middle East. These are the steps to get away with murder in the Middle East.
Step one: say that everybody you have killed is a member of what you deem a “terrorist organisation”. For example, after Deputy Prime Minister Bekir Bozdag saidthat Turkey hadn’t committed any civilian casualties in Afrin, he claimed that “The operation concerns terrorists” only, “and terror organizations within the Afrin district.” Israel has said the same about the latest massacres. As Israel’s ambassador to the UN Aviva Raz Shechter put it, “The loss of life could have been avoided had Hamas [not sent] … terrorists to attack Israel under the cover of the riots”.
Step two: Say that those you kill are actually being used as “human shields”. As Turkey’s government organ, Anadolu said about the Afrin operation, “The PYD/PKK terrorist group plans to use civilians as human shields as the Turkish military and Free Syrian Army move closer to the Afrin city centre.” Now compare this with a press release by the Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs that was designed to refute the UN, and you can understand this familiar picture.  “The Commissioner-General is deliberately ignoring Hamas’ responsibility for the instigated violence. He is ignoring “the fact that Hamas used Gaza residents as human shields”.

Step three: say that you are protecting your borders, “every country has the obligation to protect its borders” Netanyahu said in response to the latest massacre of innocent Palestinians in Gaza. Parallel this to Erdogan, and we get a familiar picture when close to the end of the occupation of Afrin when Erdogan said that “We are constantly harassed by terror groups on our borders”.
Step four: this is the final one, engage in deflection, or what has now more commonly be known as “Whataboutism”.  Say anyone who criticizes you has a bias against you because they didn’t criticize “X country”. Lately, for Israel, this has been Turkey, and for Turkey, this has been Israel. So when Erdogan and Netanyahu, every once in a while, get onto Twitter and build the case for why there is a legitimate case for both of them to be prosecuted by the International Criminal Court, they are engaging in the same thing. In some ways, you could say they are the same person. Another example of this “whataboutism” is when the Turkish ambassador to Washington, Mr. Serdar Kilic, mentioned that “All the countries and humanitarian agencies calling on us for the prevention of civilian casualties in Afrin are unfortunately silent on Palestine. The necessary humanity is not exhibited on the Gaza victims.”
My personal favourite form of whataboutism, however, was when Erdogan’s advisor Ilnur Cevik, was quite frank about how Turkey approached Afrin. When asked why Afrin was invaded, he mentioned that Israel had created a 40-kilometre safe zone in Syria beyond the Golan Heights. “We are bringing humanitarian aid to the people, establishing a new system for them. Israel did the same”, he told CNN Turk to the astonishment of his AKP base of supporters.     
Isn’t it obvious by now? The AKP doesn’t care about the Palestinian struggle for emancipation. The Likud and the AKP are mirror images of each other. To both, Palestine and Kurdistan are merely rhetorical tools. That some have sought to resist statements by the PKK in support of Gaza’s struggle is perplexing. That some buy into the Israeli narrative that killing children is a way for it to secure Israel’s “borders” – the very narrative that Erdogan used to invade Afrin – is even more mind-boggling. But this is a conversation that needs to be had.
For some reason, whether it’s the influence of Kurdish reactionary organizations like the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) or any other parties that see Israel as an ally in their struggle against Arab nationalism, or if its because of the illusion that Erdogan cares about Palestine (and thereby, says the simplistic mind, the Palestinian cause is wrong), even as he sends millions of oil barrels a day to Israel – some supporters of the Kurdish struggle have voiced concern, mostly privately on social media, about the statements made by Kurdish leftists in support of the Palestinian struggle for emancipation.
Let it be clear, one can be very critical of the reactionary nature of Hamas, one can condemn its failure to seriously ground itself in anti-colonialism, one can stand against its solidarity with Turkey’s occupation of Afrin as well – but how does this exempt Israel from its war crimes, for cold-blooded murder? Gaza’s residents are not synonymous with Hamas. One cannot talk about the Great March of return without acknowledging that in 1948, over 700,000 Palestinians were expelled from their homes for Israeli’s to settle in. One cannot talk about the Great March of Return, if Palestinians have, quite literally, been living on crumbs with the promise of a state – only to face an Israeli-Trump coalition which seeks to destroy any hopes of a negotiated two-state solution. One cannot talk about the Great March of return without talking about poverty, unemployment, lack of energy, electricity – all of which stem from a joint blockade by Egypt and Israel. And now that they seek to leave their prison, they are all slaughtered in cold blood in a massacre that refuses to distinguish between children, nurses, journalists and members of Hamas? Let’s be honest, “Hamas” is a dog whistle. The old adage is innocent until proven guilty. To the Israeli state, if a bullet lands on you, you are Hamas until proven otherwise.  
It’s easy to mention that Hamas’s leader congratulated Erdogan for his occupation of Afrin, and forget the voices of those like Leila Khaled of the Peoples Front for the Liberation of Palestine, who said at a congress of the Peoples’ Democratic Party (HDP), that she greeted them on behalf of all Palestinians who “raise our voice against the war in Afrin.” It’s easy to equate Hamas with the Palestinians, but forget that Palestinian liberation organisations were the first to train the PKK. Why did the PKK release a statement saying that “The Kurdish people and the Palestinian people share a similar fate”, while “Turkey and Israel, thanks to external support, keep violating the basic rights of Kurdish and Palestinian peoples”?
Simply because Afrin’s settlers act awfully a lot like Israeli settlers, they settle on land that doesn’t belong to them, they defend their settlements with armed guards, backed by the monopoly over violence that a foreign State has taken by force. Turkey administers Afrin’s affairs from Gaziantep, Israel administers the affairs of its occupied territories from Tel-Aviv. Just as Turkey has set up its own token administration called the “Gaziantep council”, Israel has its own, under its loyalists working within the Palestinian Administration. Most importantly though, Israel and Turkey use the same weapons, the same strategies of warfare, the same intelligence mechanisms that they’ve developed together in a decades-long relationship. As the PKK statement itself said, “Turkey has actually learned the most complex techniques in the dirty war against the Kurdish people’s struggle for freedom from Israel and the United States.”

Why else, in 1999, would Israel’s intelligence service MOSSAD play a key role in the International plot to capture PKK leader Abdullah Ocalan, who is still in prison? Erdogan, despite the diplomatic rift that occurred between Israel and Turkey under his helm due to the freedom flotilla massacre in 2010, continues this legacy.
The question that some must ask is the following: Do I care about the suffering of all peoples’ or that just of my tribe? If the answer to the first question is yes, then you should not be offended by any statements made by the Kurdish freedom movement which stand in solidarity with the suffering of Palestinian people. 

2 σχόλια:

  1. Δεν ανήκω σε κανέναν από αυτούς τους δύο κόσμους που "σχηματίζονται" σε αυτά τα δύο άρθρα. Ο καλούλης αριστερός που σε όλα βρίσκει μια σύνθεση αλλά ψάχνει εναγωνίως το άσπρο και το μαύρο και ο δεξιοφιλελεύθερος ή "απλά" δυτικο-δεξιός που βλέπει άσπρο μαύρο και παραβλέπει τα εγκλήματα της δυτικής πλευράς (άρα και του Ισραήλ). Είναι αλήθεια πως σε ένα "ρεαλιστικό" επίπεδο υπάρχει επιχειρηματολογική υπερίσχυση του δεξιού (μαζί με ανατριχιαστικά στοιχεία για την αθλιότητα της Χαμας, τα οποία κυκλοφορούν εδώ και καιρό),ενώ από την πλευρά του αριστερού υπάρχει ένα ιδεολογικό ευχολόγιο που συναρτάται άμεσα με την ουσιαστική αδιαφορία του για το κουρδικό έθνος όσο αυτό δεν "ικανοποιεί" τις ιδεολογικές ή ιδεοληπτικές του αρχές. Υπάρχει κάπου "αλλού" ίσως και μια προσπάθεια "σύνθεσης" αλλά και αυτή θεωρώ ότι πάσχει, αν και όσο υπάρχει. Υπάρχουν και οι υποκριτικές θέσεις που ενώνουν το κουρδικό και το παλαιστινιακό αίτημα, αλλά και την κριτική στον αντισημιτισμό (από φιλοσιωνιστική ή αντισιωνιστική εκκίνηση) αλλά και αυτές πάσχουν είτε από έμμεση υποστήριξη του ενός ή του άλλου ή από υπερβολική αφαίρεση (λ.χ οι μ-λ ή οι υπερ-αντικρατιστές κ.λπ). Αδιέξοδο. Αδιέξοδο, πάνω από όλα για τους πάσχοντες λαούς και ανθρώπους, όσους δηλαδή είναι στην "πρώτη γραμμή" του αγώνα.

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  2. Προσπαθώ να "κλείσω" τους λογαριασμούς μου (και) με όλα αυτά στο άρθρο "μαμούθ" που σας υποσχέθηκα, αλλά θα χρειαστεί λίγος χρόνος και συμπυκνώσεις που με ζορίζουν. Δεν έχει νόημα, αλλά θα το κάνω και αυτό, για να επιστρέψω στα καθαυτό ενδιαφέροντά μου.

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